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SALAD
A salad is a dish consisting of a mixture of small pieces of food, usually vegetables.However, different varieties of salad may contain virtually any type of ready-to-eat food. Salads are typically served at room temperature or chilled, with notable exceptions such as the south German potato salad which is served warm.

Garden salads use a base of leafy greenssuch as lettuce, arugula/rocket, kale or spinach; they are common enough that the word salad alone often refers specifically to garden salads. Other types include bean salad, tuna salad, fattoush, Greek salad(vegetable based, but without leafy greens), and sōmen salad (a noodle-based salad). The sauce used to flavor a salad is commonly called a salad dressing; most salad dressings are based on either a mixture of oil and vinegar or a fermented milk product like kefir.

Salads may be served at any point during a meal:

Appetizer salads—light, smaller-portion salads served as the first course of the meal.

Side salads—to accompany the main course as a side dish.

Main course salads—usually containing a portion of a high-protein food, such as meat, fish, eggs, legumes, or cheese.

Dessert salads—sweet versions containing fruit, gelatin, sweeteners or whipped cream.

Etymology
Green leaf salad with salmon and bread

The word “salad” comes from the Frenchsalade of the same meaning, from the Latinsalata (salty), from sal (salt). In English, the word first appears as “salad” or “sallet” in the 14th century. Salt is associated with salad because vegetables were seasoned with brineor salty oil-and-vinegar dressings during Roman times. The phrase “salad days”, meaning a “time of youthful inexperience” (based on the notion of “green”), is first recorded by Shakespeare in 1606, while the use of salad bar, referring to a buffet-style serving of salad ingredients, first appeared in American English in 1976.

History

The Romans and ancient Greeks ate mixed greens with dressing, a type of mixed salad Salads, including layered and dressed salads, have been popular in Europe since the Greek and Roman imperial expansions. In his 1699 book, Acetaria: A Discourse on Sallets John Evelyn attempted with little success to encourage his fellow Britons to eat fresh salad greens.Mary, Queen of Scots, ate boiled celery root over greens covered with creamy mustard dressing, truffles, chervil, and slices of hard-boiled eggs.

Oil used on salads can be found in the 17th century colony of New Netherland (later called New York, New Jersey and Delaware). A list of common items arriving on ships and their designated prices when appraising cargo included “a can of salad oil at 1.10 florins” and “an anker of wine vinegar at 16 florins”.In a 1665 letter to the Director of New Netherland from the Island of Curaçao there is a request to send greens: “I request most amicably that your honors be pleased to send me seed of every sort, such as cabbage, carrots, lettuce, parsley, etc. for none can be acquired here and I know that your honor has plenty.

Salads may be sold in supermarkets, at restaurants and at fast food chains. In the United States, restaurants will often have a “salad bar” with salad-making ingredients, which the customers will use to put together their salad.Salad restaurants were earning more than $300 million in 2014. At-home salad consumption in the 2010s was rising but moving away from fresh-chopped lettuce and toward bagged greens and salad kits, with bag sales expected to reach $7 billion per year.

Types of salad

A salad can be composed (with the ingredients specifically arranged) or tossed (with the ingredients placed in a bowl and mixed).

Green salad
A green salad

A green salad or garden salad is most often composed of leafy vegetables such as lettucevarieties, spinach, or rocket (arugula). If non-greens make up a large portion of the salad it may be called a vegetable salad instead of a green salad. Common raw vegetables (in the culinary sense) used in a salad include cucumbers, peppers, tomatoes, onions, carrots, celery, radishes, mushrooms, avocado, olives, artichoke hearts, heart of palm, watercress, parsley, garden beets, and green beans. Nuts, berries, seeds, and flowers are less common components. Hard-boiled eggs, bacon, shrimp, and cheeses may be used as garnishes, but large amounts of animal based foods would be more likely in a dinner salad.?????

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