Is Milk Bad For Diabetes? | Diabetic Recipes and Diabetes Health
Nowadays, a controversial issue is whether consuming milk is healthy or not. And should people with diabetes consume milk?
According to ADA people should consume from 2 to 3 servings of low-fat milk or low-fat dairy on a daily basis. But what about people that have diabetes?
First what is milk made of?
Before we get started on the factors to consider before consuming milk, it can help to understand the composition of milk. In a nutshell, cow’s milk contains water and about 3 to 4% of fat, 3.5% of protein, 5% of a natural sugar called lactose as well as various minerals and vitamins. The following table shows the nutritional composition of various types of milk.
Milk consumption and Type 1 diabetes – is there a link?
There have been some controversial studies that have associated cow’s milk consumption with juvenile onset diabetes, more commonly known as type 1 diabetes. Scientists have found that the protein composition of cow’s milk, especially the A1 beta-casein molecule, is radically different from that of human milk and can be extremely hard to digest for humans.
Although more research is needed, studies suggest that this A1 beta-casein along with bovine insulin present in cow’s milk can trigger an autoimmune reaction in genetically susceptible children who have a particular HLA (human leukocyte antigen) complex. This autoimmune reaction causes the body to produce antibodies against the beta-cells – the cells that produce insulin the pancreas – gradually destroying these cells and paving the way for type 1 diabetes.If possible, mothers should try to exclusively breastfeed their babies until their first birthday at least.
Is There Connection Between Type 2 Diabetes and Milk Consumption?
According to a review made out of 16 studies, full-fat milk can protect against heart disease, diabetes, and obesity. It seems that a fatty acid, i.e., the trans-palmitoleic acid in milk fat can help improve insulin sensitivity and insulin levels.
As a matter of fact, in another study, the participants who had highest levels of this acid had 60 percent lower risk of obtaining diabetes in comparison to those participants who had the lowest levels.Furthermore, the fat found in milk products has butyrate. This is said to improve gut flora and inhibit inflammation that has been linked to chronic disease like heart disease and diabetes.
Milk sugar is called lactose. Lactose gives milk its sweet taste and contributes approximately 40% of whole cow’s milk’s calories.
Lactose can definitely raise your blood glucose. An enzyme called lactase splits it up into glucose and galactose. Because this split takes time, some nutritionists say lactose converts to blood glucose relatively slowly (that is to say, it has a low glycemic index or GI).
But others say that dairy may have a low GI but it stimulates insulin as if it had a high GI. Loren Cordain, PhD, of Colorado State Department of Health and Exercise Science, believes this may be due to the combination of lactose and some of the amino acids in whey proteins.
So is milk good for diabetes? Has had a mixed responses, pros and cons. May need more research, so would say, do so with caution. Test its effects. Everybody has different results. So be cautious.
Test your blood sugar levels before you consume milk and then test your levels one more time half an hour after you consume milk.
Bear in mind that during the day the insulin sensitivity varies. To be more specific, in case you want to consume milk 2 times per day for example at night and in the morning, ensure to test your blood sugar levels each time.
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